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Bare Root Jujubes
The botanical name for jujube is Ziziphus jujuba, commonly referred to as the “Chinese date.” The fruit can be eaten fresh or dried, at which point it resembles a date in look and taste. The trees originated in Asia and are very popular there.
Most jujubes are hardy in USDA Zones 6-10. They require long, warm summers to fully ripen and the trees can withstand heat and drought. Deep watering is recommended as the plants tend to send out unwanted suckers.
The tree, growing 15 to 30 feet, is prized as a landscape specimen. Its weeping form and graceful branches are covered with shiny green leaves in the summer. In winter, without its leaves, the tree presents a pleasing silhouette. The Contorted jujube is particularly interesting for its unusual form. Jujubes can also be espaliered. (See our page “Espaliering – Basic Guide”.) The jujube tree has few disease or insect problems although Texas root rot can be a problem in desert areas.
Jujube, Shanxi Li
Extremely large round fruit, over two inches. Shiny reddish-brown, date-like fruit with a sweet apple flavor. Resembles dates when dried. Good in hot desert areas. Attractive shiny leaves. Ripens in September/October. Zones 5 to 9. 150 hours. Self-fruitful.
Rogue form of jujube from the orchards of Dave Wilson Nursery. Contorted, twisted shape with fruit similar to Li. Zones 5 to 10. 150 hours. Party self-fruitful; heavier set with pollenizer.
Round-shaped fruits are larger than Lang jujube, ripen earlier, and can be picked yellow-green and ripened off the tree. Self-fruitful. Tree is more spreading than Lang. Zones 5 to 10. 150 hours.
Large elongated fruit ripening in mid autumn, close to Lang. This jujube has a remarkably high sugar content with a sweet apple flavor. Partially self-fruitful; heavier set with pollenizer. Zones 5 to 9. 150 hours.
Small tree of slow to moderate growth to twenty feet. Shiny, dry, wrinkled, chewy, reddish brown fruit with sweet apple-like flavor is 1 1/2 inches long, distinctly pear shaped; resembles dates. Will grow anywhere, but needs long, hot summers to fully ripen. Ripens in the fall. Needs to ripen fully on tree for best flavor. Easy to grow, hardy, drought resistant, virtually pest and disease free. Zones 5 to 10. Partially self-fruitful; heavier set with pollenizer. 150 hours.