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Bare Root Apples
Apple trees have existed before recorded history; ancient Phoenicians harvested wild apples. The apples of North America were brought over from Europe and were initially grown for making cider. Over the centuries, varieties were crossed to create the tasty varieties we grow today. Current popular varieties have also been bred in Australia and New Zealand. There are now over two thousand named clones. Commercial growers limit their crops to a few of these varieties. The home orchardist has a much greater selection. Bay Laurel offers some of the older varieties to augment your backyard orchard. Among these are Ashmead’s Kernal, Cox’s Orange Pippin, Golden Russet, Hudson's Golden Gem, Sierra Beauty, Spitzenburg and White Winter Permain.
Apples are now grown in every temperate region around the world. The trees are extremely adaptable and long-lived. Cold climates are generally the largest apple producers, but Anna, Dorsett Golden, Pettingill and Winter Banana thrive in climates as mild as Southern California. Fuji, Gordon, Pink Lady and White Winter Permain are other varieties that need minimal amounts of cold.
IMPORTANT: You may notice that the chill hours given here differ from other websites. The hours we list are based on the latest low chill trial information from Dave Wilson. Many apple varieties are very productive with chill hours well below what was originally thought necessary.
3-N-1 Apple - Golden Delicious, Fuji, Gala, Granny Smith
Three of these four varieties grafted onto one tree. Available on M111.
Gala Apple - Semi-dwarf
(Original Gala)Wonderful dessert apple from New Zealand Skin is reddish-orange, striped over yellow. Crisp, dense, aromatic flesh with nice blend of sweetness and tartness; rich flavor. Good pollenizer for other apples. Ripens in August, 2-3 weeks before Red Delicious. Adapted to cold and warm winter climates. Zones 4 to 10. Chilling requirement apparently 500 hours or less. Self-fruitful. Available on M111.
Pettingill Apple - Semi-dwarf
Chance apple seedling discovered near Long Beach, California, and introduced in 1949. Large fruit with red over green skin. Flesh is crisp and juicy with a balance of sugar and acid. Large, vigorous, productive tree. Good keeper. Ripens late September to mid October in coastal southern California climates. Zones 6 to 11. Very low winter chilling requirement, about 300 hrs. Partially self-fruitful, better crops with Fuji, Gala, Braeburn or Mutsu as pollenizer. Available on M111.
Granny Smith Miniature Apple
From New Zealand. Large, late, green, all-purpose, very popular apple. Crisp, tart, excellent keeper. Requires long summer; thrives in hot climates. Prolonged bloom; good pollenizer for other apples. Ripens in October/November. Zones 6 to 9. 500 hours or less. Self-fruitful. Available on Gen.
Granny Smith Apple - Semi-dwarf
From New Zealand. Large, late, green, all-purpose, very popular apple. Crisp, tart, excellent keeper. Requires long summer; thrives in hot climates. Prolonged bloom; good pollenizer for other apples. Ripens in October/November. Zones 6 to 9. 500 hours or less. Self-fruitful. Available on M111.
Fuji Apple - Semi-dwarf
Recent introduction from Japan; now California's favorite apple. Sweet, crisp, very flavorful. Dull reddish-orange skin, sometimes russetted. Ripens in mid to late September; excellent keeper. Excellent pollenizer for other apples. Zones 4 to 9. 500 hours or less. Self-fruitful. On M111 rootstock.
Pink Lady Apple - Semi-dwarf
New hot climate apple from Western Australia. Very crisp with sweet-tart distinct flavor; good keeper. Skin is reddish pink over green; white flesh is fine grained and resists browning. Ripens in late Oct./early Nov., about three weeks after Fuji. Zones 6 to 9. 3-400 hours. Self-fruitful. Pat. No. 7880. Available on M111.