Excellent pollenizer for Nonpareil. High quality kernels; well sealed nut keeps well. Young trees set heavy crops. Harvest 2-3 weeks after Nonpareil. 400 hours. Pollenizer required.
Attractive hard shell; the leading in-shell variety. Blooms early, with Neplus. Medium-sized, upright tree. 400 hours. Pollenizer required: Neplus, Nonpareil.
Especially fine red dessert apple derived from Jonathan. Sweet, rich, spicy flavor, well regarded by apple connoisseurs. Resists scab and powdery mildew. Harvest in early season (August in central California). 800 hours. Pollenizer required: Fuji, Gala, Granny Smith, Golden Delicious. USDA zones 5-9.
Apple Babe Miniature
Crisp, sweet red apple with excellent quality even in hot climates. Glossy, russet-free skin. Heavy bearing 8-10 ft. compact tree. Ripens in August. 700 hrs. Pollinated by Garden Delicious or other apple. (Zaiger)
Belle De Boskoop
Holland, 1856. Highly esteemed cooking and pie apple with outstanding dessert quality as well. Coarse, crisp, juicy, creamy white flesh is richly flavored, sweet-tart to subacid, and highly aromatic. Has green and red skin in patches and stripes with a brown russet extending from the base. Sets heavy crops of large to very large fruits. Keeps well, flavor improves in storage. Very late harvest, with Yellow Newton Pippin and Granny Smith. Estimated chilling requirement is 800-1000 hrs. Pollenizer required.
England's favorite cooking apple. Large with very tart, creamy yellow flesh. Also good for cider. Fully ripened fruit is firm, juicy, less tart and suitable for fresh use. Mid season harvest. Spreading tree is heavy bearing and disease resistant. Originated in England in the early 1800s. 800-1000 hours, Pollenizer required.
Caville Blanc d'Hiver
Classic French dessert apple, also excellent for cooking and cider. Flattened round shape with prominent, uneven ribs near the base. Usually harvested green, turning yellow and reaching peak flavor about a month after picking. Harvest in late mid season. Vigorous grower with weeping side limbs. Planted in France in the early 1600s. 800-1000 hours. Pollenizer required.
Large red apple derived from McIntosh. Long-time favorite for fresh eating, cooking and cider. Sweet-tart, flavorful, non-browning white flesh. Early harvest. Precocious, productive tree, hardy to minus forty degrees. 800 hours. Self-fruitful.
Heavy bearing with very low chilling requirement. Sweet yellow apples in early summer. Excellent pollenizer for Anna. 100 hours. Self-fruitful.
Extremely winter hardy tree, vigorous and heavy bearing. Medium sized fruit is red striped to solid red with firm, crisp, juicy, slightly tart flesh. Use fresh or for cooking and cider. Early harvest. Excellent keeper; retains its quality for four to six months. Developed in Minnesota and introduced in 1923. 1000 hours. Self-fruitful.
Large red striped apple with coarse, crisp, sweet, subacid flesh that is distinctly perfumed. Use for dessert, cooking and cider. Ripens mid season. Horizontal limbs, spreading growth habit. Originated in New Jersey prior to 1804. 800-1000 hours. Pollenizer required.
McIntosh (Rogers McIntosh)
Round, bright red to dark red over green, with superb quality in cool climates. Crisp white flesh is tender, aromatic, subacid, sweet. Dessert/cooking. Reported resistant to fireblight. Ripens mid to late Aug. 900 hrs. Partly self-fruitful or pollenize with Red Delicious, Liberty, Gala or other.
From a cross of Red Delicious and Jonathan made in Ohio, introduced in 1944. Dependable crops of firm, very juicy, slightly tart, high quality fruit for fresh use, dessert and cooking. Medium to very large size with shape varying from flattened to conic. Yellow-green skin is blushed and streaked with dull red with some russetting. Tree-ripened fruit keeps well; fruit picked slightly green ripens and develops fruity aroma in storage, reaching peak quality after 2-3 months. Mid to late season bloomer, good pollinator for other apples. Ripens after Jonagold. 800-1000 hours, estimated. Partly self-fruitful, biggest crops with cross-pollination.
A favorite Red Delicious-type apple for mild winter climates in southern Calif. and the San Francisco Bay area. Flesh is sweet, flavorful, aromatic; skin is yellow with red blush. 4-500 hrs. Pollenizer required: Fuji, Granny Smith, Beverly Hills.
Famous for sauce and baking, also used fresh. Crisp, juicy, flavorful, tart. Green with red stripes. Early bloom, early harvest. 700 hours. Pollenizer required: Empire, Fuji, Gala, Red Delicious. USDA zones 2-9.
Late blooming, a good choice where hard freezes in late spring are common. Large, round, red used primarily for cooking. Heavy bearing. Late harvest. 1000 hrs. Self-fruitful.
Canada, late 1600's. Famous for its pure white flesh and spicy, aromatic, subacid flavor. Small to medium-sized fruit with beautiful light red stripes over a cream background. In cool climates, the skin is a solid, very dark red. Used primarily for dessert, also for cooking and cider. Ripens in October, keeps until the holidays. Very hardy, long-lived, heavy bearing tree. Reported to have a moderately low winter chilling requirement, perhaps 600 hrs. Partly self-fruitful, biggest crops with cross-pollination.
McIntosh type dessert apple, but firmer, a better keeper and shipper. Pure white flesh is crisp, juicy, highly aromatic, fine-flavored. Medium size, with beautiful dark red skin. Early harvest, about with Red Delicious. Keeps several months. Has a lesser tendency to premature drop than McIntosh. Resistant to scab, mildew and fireblight. Winter hardy, precocious, heavy-bearing tree. Blooms early. Estim. chilling requirement 800-1000 hrs. Self-fruitful; bigger crops if cross-pollinated by Lodi, Wealthy or Liberty.
Medium to large green apple with red stripes and crisp, firm, juicy flesh. Excellent for cooking and using fresh. Requires a long growing season with best flavor after frost. Ripens October/November. 600 hours. Pollinator required: Fuji, Gala, Red Delicious, Granny Smith, Braeburn. USDA zones 6-9.
Famous for its frequently huge size, used primarily for cooking, also used fresh and for drying. Fairly round shape, skin is mostly blushed and striped red over pale yellow with some russeting. Firm, juicy flesh is slightly aromatic, with a distinctive, mild, subacid flavor. Early harvest, about with McIntosh. Very winter hardy, disease-resistant, long-lived, sturdy tree. Slower to begin bearing than many other apple varieties. 1000 hrs. Partly self-fruitful or cross-pollinate with another late-blooming variety such as Northern Spy, Melrose or Golden Delicious.
Long-time favorite cooking apple for the very early summer. Skin of fully ripe fruit is pale yellow, waxy, thin, transparent. Flesh is crisp, juicy and flavorful, excellent for sauces and pies, also used fresh and for drying. Ripens June to early July in most climates; season lasts 3-4 weeks. Tree is vigorous, very winter hardy, dependable and begins bearing very young. Estimated chilling requirement is 800-1000 hrs. Self-fruitful.
One of the very best apples for keeping: in a cool location it holds its flavor until April or May. Fine quality of dessert use, excellent for baking and cider. Greenish-yellow skin has light red blush and stripes to nearly fully red, occasionally russeted at either end. Very firm, coarse, yellow flesh is crisp, juicy and slightly aromatic, with a semi-sweet flavor. Medium to large size, with many fruits having a characteristics lopsided, rectangular shape. Late harvest, with or just ahead of Y.N. Pippin and Granny Smith. Fairly large tree is moderately winter hardy, late-blooming, disease-resistant. At its best on heavier clay soils. Estimated chilling requirement 800-1000 hours. Self-fruitful.
Productive even in cold, humid climates. Medium-sized fruit with golden yellow skin and yellow-orange, freestone flesh. Juicy with tangy flavor, used fresh and for freezing and canning. 800 hours. Self-fruitful.
Very productive hardy tree. Fruit is large, sweet and juicy. Performs well where spring frost is a problem. USDA zones 4-7.
Puget Gold Tm***
Proven producer of large, flavorful fruit in Western Washington. Recommended for other western climates where spring rains and frosts limit apricot culture. Ripens in early August. 600 hrs. (estim.). Self-fruitful.
Large, light orange with pronounced red blush. Firm, finely textured, deep orange flesh. Vigorous, productive tree. Blooms early and requires an early blooming pollenizer.
Long-time favorite in western OR and WA. Recommended for other western climates where spring rains and frosts limit apricot culture. Flavorful fruit used fresh, dried, canned. Ripens in June. 700 hrs. Self-fruitful.
Cherries - Sweet
Medium-sized, nearly black, with rich, sprightly flavor. Ripens early season, in May. Vigorous, productive tree. 700 hrs. Pollenizer required – interfruitful with all popular sweet cherries.
Stella x Van. Large, dark-skinned sweet cherry similar to Stella. Resists cracking. Ripens mid-season, about with Bing and Van. 800 hours. Self-fruitfull. Available on Mazz. (20)
Cherries - Sour
Heavy-producing, widely adapted tree grows well in many climates and soils. Grows to 15-18 feet tall. Early-ripening, flavorful, juicy bright red fruit used primarily for cooking and canning; sometimes used fresh when fully ripe. 700 hrs. Self-fruitful.
Attractive, naturally semi-dwarf tree (10-12 ft.) has lush, dark green foliage. Large, bright red fruit is similar to Montmorency, is used mostly for cooking. Tart, juicy, meaty flesh has colorless juice. Blooms and harvest one week later than Montmorency. Hardy to -50 degrees F when fully dormant. 800 hrs. Self-fruitful.
Medium-sized fruit is firm with aromatic freestone flesh that is resistant to brown rot. Orange-yellow skin is blushed with mottled dark red. Ripens in mid to late July in central Calif., one week before Elberta peach. Hardy, with showy blossoms. 7-800 hrs. Self-fruitful.
High quality late season clingstone is popular fresh market variety. Large, firm, with red over yellow skin. Ripens late Aug./early Sept. in central Calif. 6-700 hrs. Self-fruitful.
Long-time favorite in Calif. and western Oregon. Small to medium size white-fleshed freestone is aromatic, juicy, sweet. Ripens in August. 400 hrs. Self-fruitful.
Subacid, high sugar, early-ripening yellow nectarine; one of the top-scored fruits at the blind tasting held July 5, 1996 at Dave Wilson Nursery. Harvest begins in late June in central Calif., about with Independence nectarine. 1000 hrs. Self-fruitful. Patent No. 9333 (Zaiger)
Jolly Red Giant
Very large fruit to 3 ½" or more if properly thinned. Freestone with delicious flavor. Skin bright orange-red over yellow. Mid July in central California. 600 hours. Self-fruitful. Pat. No. 7947 (Zaiger).
Delicious, full-flavored early season fruit ripens late June in central California. Semi-freestone when soft-ripe. Winter and frost hardy. 700 hours. Self-fruitful. Pat. No. 5228 (Zaiger).
Old favorite yellow-fleshed nectarine. Richly flavored, still one of the best. Very high taste test scores. Attractive red and yellow skin. Harvest mid to late August in central Calif. 600 hours. Self-fruitful.
Belle Of Georgia
Large white peach with red skin. Very flavorful, firm, very sweet freestone with a slight red tinge. Use for fresh eating and canning. A reliable producer with some resistance to brown rot and bacterial spot. 800 hours. Ripens in late August. Self-fruitful. USDA zones 5-8.
Late-blooming, vigorous tree has cold hardiness comparable to Redhaven. Medium to large, firm, yellow freestone with red near the pit. Skin is almost entirely blushed red. Ripens just before Halehaven. Used fresh and for freezing. From Ontario, Canada. 1000 hrs. Self-fruitful.
Very late season yellow freestone. Large red-skinned fruit ripens in late Sept./early Oct. in central Calif. Vigorous, productive tree. Estim. chilling requirement is 5-600 hrs. Self-fruitful.
Light red over cream skin, with white freestone flesh. Fruit is large, sweet, low in acid and has a mild, pleasing flavor. Ripens in early August in central Calif. Moderate chilling requirement, approx. 500 hrs. Self-fruitful. Patent No. 4865
Yellow clingstone fruit ripens very early, May in southern Calif. and Arizona. Tree-ripened fruit has good flavor and sweetness for such an early variety. Heavy bearing. 250 hrs. Self-fruitful.
One of the earliest yellow canning clingstones and one of the best flavored. Also makes an excellent dessert peach. Ripens August 1 in central California. 800 hours. Self-fruitful.
Medium-sized low chill peach from the Gulf Coast of Texas. Yellow semi-freestone ripens very early (May). Successful in Phoenix, Ariz. and similar climates. 275 hrs. Self-fruitful.
Full-flavored, juicy, yellow freestone for mild winter climates. Ripens in mid June in central Calif., between May Pride and Eva's Pride. 300-350 hrs. Self-fruitful.
Well-known fresh market peach. Large, firm, yellow freestone is bright red at pit with red over yellow skin. High fruit tasting scores; excellent flavor with balanced sugar and acid. Harvest late July in central California. Introduced about 1979. Chilling requirement is 7-800 hours. Self-fruitful.
Popular yellow freestone is juicy, moderately sweet, flavorful. Use fresh or for freezing, canning, drying. Ripens 1-2 days later than Elberta in central Calif., but blooms earlier. 700 hrs. Self-fruitful.
High quality early season peach from Florida. Large, firm, flavorful semi-freestone is very sweet when fully ripe. Ripens in mid May in warm winter climates. Excellent choice for so. Calif. home orchards. 450 hrs. or less. Self-fruitful.
Large yellow freestone, similar to its parent J.H. Hale, with excellent dessert quality. Ripens in late July in central Calif. 700 hrs. Self-fruitful.
Garden Sun Miniature
Yellow freestone, ripens one week after Elberta. Has sweet, mild, low-acid flavor. 4-5 foot tree has showy blossoms. 500 hrs. Self-fruitful. (Zaiger)
From a cross of Babcock and July Elberta. Large, red-skinned, white-fleshed freestone is sweet, aromatic, very similar to Babcock. Excellent dessert quality. Harvest about one week after Babcock. 500 hrs. Self-fruitful.
Favorite cold country peach for canning and fresh-eating. Derived from Elberta, ripening three weeks earlier. Medium-sized, oblong, yellow freestone is red at pit. Skin is one-third blushed with mottled red. 800 hrs. Self-fruitful.
From a cross of J.H. Hale and South Haven. Medium to large size, skin is red over orange-yellow. Yellow freestone flesh is juicy, sweet, low in acid, with excellent flavor.
Large yellow canning cling, the leading commercial variety. Very good quality. Productive. Early September in central California. 800 hours. Self-fruitful.
Old variety, still one of the best. Very large, firm, with superb flavor. Use fresh or for canning. Ripens August 1st in central Calif. Has excellent frost hardiness. 800 hrs. Needs another peach or nectarine to pollinate.
Nectar (Original Nectar)
Early mid-season white-fleshed freestone , superb fresh eating. Juicy, sweet, very aromatic and flavorful. Skin is creamy white blushed with pink or red. Above average frost hardiness. Originated in Bakersfield, Calif. 800 hrs. Self-fruitful.
Orange (Carolyn G)
Large, firm, juicy, yellow canning clingstone with distinct flavor. Ripens in late August. 800 hrs. Self-fruitful.
One of the most winter hardy peaches; hardy to -20 degrees F. Produces reliable crops of tasty, sweet, medium-sized, white-fleshed fruit, with crimson-blushed white skin. 1000 hrs. Self-fruitful. Pat. No. 4195.
One of the best late-blooming/frost hardy peaches for cold climates. Medium-sized, full-flavored, high quality yellow freestone. Ripens mid season, 1 week after Redhaven. Use fresh/can/freeze. 900 hrs. Self-fruitful.
Cross of Redhaven and Elberta. Excellent quality all-purpose yellow freestone is very frost hardy. Ripens August 1st in central Calif. 850 hrs. Self-fruitful.
Very cold hardy/frost hardy, late blooming peach. Sweet, flavorful yellow freestone, best choice for climates having severe cold in winter and spring. Ripens 2-3 weeks before Elberta. Showy bloom. 1000 hrs. Self-fruitful.
Bud sport of Ventura peach. Large, red blushed yellow freestone, red near pit. Reported to perform well in California's mild winter coastal climates. Mid season harvest. 300 hours. Self-fruitful.
One of the most reliable peaches for cold climates, winter hardy and late blooming. Yellow to yellow-orange skin. Yellow flesh is freestone and richly flavored when fully ripe. Ripens one week before Elberta. 900 hrs. Self-fruitful.
White Heath Cling
Medium-sized, white-fleshed clingstone—an old favorite for canning and fresh use. Skin is creamy white; flesh is juicy with excellent, rich, melting flavor. Ripens late Sept. 600 hrs. Self-fruitful.
Fireblight resistant. Beautiful, large, nearly round fruits with shiny yellow skin and red blush. Flesh is firm and juicy with mild flavor, used mainly for canning. Large, vigorous tree. 350 hrs. Interfruitful with Kieffer and Moonglow.
Large, short necked, firm. Stores well, excellent quality and smooth texture. Ripens around September 1. Strong full red color is very even. 800 hours. Pollinated by Bartlett.
Sensation Red Bartlett
High quality Bartlett type fruit with attractive red skin. Relatively small tree. 700 hours. Self-fruitful in most climates of the western U.S. Elsewhere, pollinated by Bosc, D'Anjou or other pear.
Small, roundish, russeted fruit is juicy, aromatic and sweet. Ripens in late fall, keeps well. Small tree. Good pollenizer for Bartlett. 700 hrs. Pollenizer required.
Pears - Asian
The earliest-ripening Asian pear. Medium size fruit with a light golden-brown russet skin. Crisp, crunchy flesh is sweet, with especially fine flavor. Harvest medium to late July in Central Calif. Keeps six weeks. Productive, moderately vigorous tree. 400 hours. Pollenizer required.
Large, greenish-brown, russeted skin. Juicy, sweet, flavorful, refreshing, crisp like an apple when ripe. Early to mid-August in Central Calif. 450 hours. Pollinated by Kikusui, 20th Century, or other Asian pear.
Small to medium-size, light yellow-brown russet skin. Flesh is fine-textured, crisp, crunchy, juicy, flavorful, very sweet. Ripens between Shinseiki and 20th Century (early August in Central California) 400 hrs. Pollenizer required.
Light brown to golden brown russet skin. Fine-textured, crisp, crunchy, juicy, sweet and flavorful. Harvest late August in Central California, after 20th Century. 400 hrs. Pollenizer required.
Plums & Prunes
Long-time favorite in western Oregon. Oval-shaped fruit with purplish-black skin and yellow flesh. Larger and sweeter than Italian. Used fresh and for canning and drying. Ripens one week earlier than Italian. 800 hrs. Self-fruitful.
Red and golden yellow skin. Yellow-orange flesh is firm, sweet, aromatic, juicy and uniquely flavored. Relatively small tree, cold hardy. Imported from Japan by Luther Burbank. 400 hours. Pollinated by Santa Rosa.
Early Italian Prune (Richards)
Similar to Italian, but sweeter, slightly larger and more productive. Shorter growing season requirement than Italian, ripens 1-2 weeks earlier. 800 hrs. Self-fruitful.
Howard Miracle Plum
Large, firm, juicy, freestone with distinctive flavor. Has yellow skin blushed with red and amber flesh. 400 hrs. Pollenizer required, another Japanese plum such as Beauty or Santa Rosa.
Large, firm, aromatic, with rich, low-acid flavor; keeps well. Heart shaped, greenish-yellow thin skin with red blush. Freestone when ripe with small pit. Vigorous, heavy bearing tree. 400 hrs. Pollinated by Santa Rosa, Catalina or Nubiana.
Medium sized greenish-yellow fruit is juicy, moderately sweet with a pleasing mild flavor. Bears reliably in many climates, including western Oregon and Calif.'s northern coast. Ripens late June/early July in central Calif. 600 hrs. Self-fruitful.